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|Título:||Fuel Starvation: irreversible degradation mechanisms in PEM Fuel Cells|
|Autor:||Rangel, C. M.|
Travassos, Maria Antónia
Fernandes, Vitor R.
Silva, R. A.
Paiva, T. I.
|Citação:||Rangel, C. M.; Travassos, M. A.; Fernandes, V. R.; Silva, R. A.; Paiva, T. I. Fuel Starvation: irreversible degradation mechanisms in PEM Fuel Cells. In: WHEC- World Hydrogen Energy Convention, Essen Germany, May 2010|
|Resumo:||PEM fuel cell operates under very aggressive conditions in both anode and cathode. Failure modes and mechanism in PEM fuel cells include those related to thermal, chemical or mechanical issues that may constrain stability, power and lifetime. In this work, the case of fuel starvation is examined. The anode potential may rise to levels compatible with the oxidization of water. If water is not available, oxidation of the carbon support will accelerate catalyst sintering. Diagnostics methods used for in-situ and ex-situ analysis of PEM fuel cells are selected in order to better categorize irreversible changes of the cell. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) is found instrumental in the identification of fuel cell flooding conditions and membrane dehydration associated to mass transport limitations / reactant starvation and protonic conductivity decrease, respectively. Furthermore, it indicates that water electrolysis might happen at the anode. Cross sections of the membrane catalyst and gas diffusion layers examined by scanning electron microscopy indicate electrode thickness reduction as a result of reactions taking place during hydrogen starvation. Catalyst particles are found to migrate outwards and located on carbon backings. Membrane degradation in fuel cell environment is analyzed in terms of the mechanism for fluoride release which is considered an early predictor of membrane degradation.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UPCH - Comunicações em actas de encontros científicos internacionais|
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