Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1226
Título: Ethanol production from enzymatically pretreated wheat straw
Autor: Duarte, José Cardoso
Pereira, Joana
Paixão, Susana M.
Baeta-Hall, Lina
Ribeiro, Belina
Sàágua, M. C
Palavras-chave: Enzymatic hydrolysis
Wheat straw pretreated
S. cerevisiae
Z. mobilis
Bioethanol
Data: 17-Jun-2010
Citação: Duarte, J. C.; Pereira, J.; Paixão, S. M.; Baeta-Hall, L.; Ribeiro, B.; Sàágua, M. C. Ethanol production from enzymatically pretreated wheat straw. In: Proceedings of 2nd International Conference of IAMAW (IAMAW´2010), Izmir, Turkey, June 17-19, 2010, (CD-ROM). F.V. Sukan, M. Raviv and N. Azbar (Eds). International assossiation of Mediterranean Agro-industrial wastes (IAMAW). p. 89-94
Resumo: Lignocellulosic biomass can be utilized to produce ethanol, a promising alternative energy source for the limited crude oil. Wheat straw is an abundant agricultural residue which can be used as lignocellulosic raw material for bioconversion. There are mainly two processes involved in the bioconversion: hydrolysis of cellulose in the lignocellulosic biomass to produce reducing sugars, and fermentation of the sugars to ethanol. The current study involved the optimization of enzymatic hydrolysis of a wheat straw pretreated by acid hydrolysis, using a mixture of commercial cellulases: celluclast 1.5L + Novozym 188, with further fermentation of the hydrolisate’ sugar content by three ethanologenic strains, namely two yeast of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strains F and K) and a bacterial strain, Zymomonas mobilis (strain CP4). The fermentation assays, using undiluted hydrolisate with or without nutrient supplements, were monitored by the evaluation of glucose and ethanol yields. In the assays using no supplemented hydrolisate the results obtained for the two yeasts strains F and K, and Zymomonas mobilis were 74%, 79% and 58% of ethanol yield, respectively. However, when the hydrolisate was supplemented the fermentation results showed a better bioconversion process by the Z. mobilis, reaching 98% ethanol yield while the two strains of S. cerevisiae used maintained their behaviour. So, the fermentation results showed the necessity of the addition of nutrients for a good bioconversion process by the Z. mobilis, resulting in better ethanol yield than S. cerevisiae strains (F and K) from WSP hydrolisate.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1226
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