Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1471
Título: Impact of the reactor bottom shape on the solid sodium borohydride hydrolysis for hydrogen generation
Autor: Ferreira, M. F. R.
Fernandes, Vitor R.
Rangel, C. M.
Pinto, A. M. F. R.
Palavras-chave: Sodium borohydride
Hydrogen generation
Nickel-based catalyst
Batch reacto
Reactor bottom shape
Data: 10-Nov-2011
Citação: Ferreira, M. J. F.; Fernandes, V. R.; Rangel, C. M.; Pinto, A. M. F. R. Impact of the reactor bottom shape on the solid sodium borohydride hydrolysis for hydrogen generation. In: 4th International Seminar on Advances in Hydrogen Energy Technologies : Oportunities and Challenges in a Hydrogen Economy, Viana do Castelo, Novembro 10-11, 2011, 1 p.
Resumo: Sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is a chemical hydride that produces hydrogen (H2) ‘on-demand’ through the reaction with water, and exhibits high gravimetric hydrogen storage capacity (10.8 wt.%). NaBH4 has been appointed as an efficient energy/hydrogen carrier for use with fuel cells [1-6]. Unfortunately, problems also exist with NaBH4 hydrolysis: H2 production rates are not sufficiently fast, reaction completion is not always reachable and effective gravimetric (and volumetric) H2 storage capacity is far from the theoretical value. The present study reports original experimental work on generation of hydrogen, by hydrolysis of solid sodium borohydride with stoichiometric amount of distilled water (H2O/NaBH4: 2, 3 and 4 mol/mol), in the presence of a powder unsupported Ni-Ru based catalyst, reused about 320 times. The experiments, performed in two batch reactors with equal internal volume but with different bottom shapes (flat and conical), reveal - for the conical bottom shape with any excess of water - 8.1 H2 wt% and 92 kg H2/m3 (materials-only basis), and a H2 rate of 87.4 L(H2) min-1g-1 catalyst. The role of reactor bottom geometry on the solid NaBH4 hydrolysis - with any excess of water - is, as the authors are aware, for the first time here referred.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1471
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