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|Título:||Biological upgrading of wastes from the pulp and paper industry|
Alves, Luís Manuel
Gírio, Francisco M.
Santos, J. A. L.
Roseiro, J. Carlos
|Citação:||Marques, Susana, [et. al.]. Biological upgrading of wastes from the pulp and paper industry. In: NWBC 2009, Helsinki, Finland, September 2–4, 2009|
|Resumo:||A process for biological upgrading of recycled paper sludge (RPS) was developed based on the enzymatic hydrolysis of major sludge components (cellulose and xylan) with commercial enzymes and fermentation of the resulting sugars into ethanol or lactic acid with adequate microbial strains. The process was implemented performing both steps sequentially (SHF) or simultaneously (SSF). Cellulosic and hemicellulosic fractions of RPS were completely converted by enzymatic hydrolysis (using Celluclast®1.5L with Novozym®188) into the constitutive glucose and xylose. Ethanol was produced from the RPS hydrolysate by the yeast Pichia stipitis CBS 5773. A slightly higher conversion yield was attained on SHF process, corresponding to an ethanol concentration of 19.6 g L-1, but 179 hours were needed. The SSF process was completed after 48 hours of incubation allowing the production of 18.6 g L-1 of ethanol from 178.6 g L-1 of dried RPS, corresponding to an overall conversion yield of 51% of the available carbohydrates on the initial substrate. Maximum production of lactic acid (LA) with Lactobacillus rhamnosus ATCC 7469 was obtained by performing the SSF process: 73 g L-1 of LA was achieved, corresponding to a maximum productivity of 2.9 g L-1 h-1, with 0.97 g LA produced per g of carbohydrates on initial sludge. The present results demonstrate the feasibility of the biological conversion of the ultimate waste obtained in the paper recycling loop into a biofuel (bioethanol) or an important chemical intermediate (LA, precursor of bioplastics), under the concept of a multi-purpose biorefinery.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UB - Comunicações em actas de encontros científicos internacionais|
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