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|Título:||Currents of Changes|
Eriksen, Peter B.
Hulle, Frans van
|Editora:||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Citação:||Holttinen, H.; Orths, A.G.; Eriksen, P.B.; Hidalgo, J.; Estanqueiro, A. [et.al] Currents of Change. In: IEEE Power & Energy Magazine, Vol. 9, nº 6, 2011, p. 47-59|
|Resumo:||The Power Systems in Denmark, Portugal, Spain, Ireland, and Germany have some of the highest wind penetrations in the world, as shown in Table 1. The management of the different power systems to date,with increasing amounts of wind energy, has been successful.There have been no reported incidents in which wind has directly or indirectly been a major factor causing operational problems on the system. In some areas with high wind penetration, however, the transmission system operator (TSO) had to increase remedial actions signifi cantly in order to decrease the loading of system assets during times of high wind power infeed. In some areas, the risk of faults may have increased. Higher targets for wind power will mean even higher penetration levels locally and high penetration levels in larger power systems. There are a number of issues that will require active management in the near future; in some cases, such management is needed today. In this article, the situations of five countries with high wind penetration are briefl y presented, with special emphasis given to their future needs with respect to accommodating targeted wind power amounts. The final section provides an overview of offshore grid developments and plans in Europe.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MPE.2011.942351|
|Aparece nas colecções:||EOL - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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