Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1664
Título: Biological hydrogen production by Anabaena sp. – Yield, energy and CO2 analysis including fermentative biomass recovery
Autor: Ferreira, Ana F.
Marques, Ana C.
Batista, Ana Paula
Marques, Paula Alexandra
Gouveia, L.
Silva, Carla M.
Palavras-chave: Cyanobacteria
Biohydrogen
Photoautotrophic production
Energy balance
CO2 emissions
Data: 2012
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Ferreira, A.F.; Marques, A.C.; Batista, A.P.; Marques, Paula A.S.S.; Gouveia, L.; Silva, C.M. Biological hydrogen production by Anabaena sp. – Yield, energy and CO2 analysis including fermentative biomass recovery. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2012, vol.37, nº1, p.179-190
Resumo: This paper presents laboratory results of biological production of hydrogen by photoautrotophic cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. Additional hydrogen production from residual Cyanobacteria fermentation was achieved by Enterobacter aerogenes bacteria. The authors evaluated the yield of H2 production, the energy consumption and CO2 emissions and the technological bottlenecks and possible improvements of the whole energy and CO2 emission chain. The authors did not attempt to extrapolate the results to an industrial scale, but to highlight the processes that need further optimization. The experiments showed that the production of hydrogen from cyanobacteria Anabaena sp. is technically viable. The hydrogen yield for this case was 0.0114 kgH2/kgbiomass which had a rough energy consumption of 1538 MJ/MJH2 and produced 114640 gCO2/MJH2. The use of phototrophic residual cyanobacteria as a substrate in a dark-fermentation process increased the hydrogen yield by 8.1% but consumed 12.0% more of energy and produced 12.1% more of CO2 showing that although the process increased the overall efficiency of hydrogen production it was not a viable energy and CO2 emission solution. To make cyanobacteria-based biofuel production energy and environmentally relevant, efforts should be made to improve the hydrogen yield to values which are more competitive with glucose yields (0.1 kgH2/kgbiomass). This could be achieved through the use of electricity with at least 80% of renewables and eliminating the unessential processes (e.g.pre-concentration centrifugation).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1664
ISSN: 0360-3199
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2011.09.056
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