Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1672
Título: Microalgae biomass as fermentation substrate for hydrogen and butyric acid production by clostridium tyrobutyricum
Autor: Ortigueira, J.
Lúcio, M.
Rodrigues, S.
Alves, Luís Manuel
Gouveia, L.
Moura, Patrícia
Data: 10-Set-2012
Citação: Ortigueira, J.; Lúcio, M.; Rodrigues, S.; Alves, L. M.; Gouveia, L.; Moura, P. Microalgae biomass as fermentation substrate for hydrogen and butyric acid production by clostridium tyrobutyricum. In: 4th International Conference on Engineering for Waste and Biomass Valorisation, Porto, September 10-13, 2012, 1p.
Resumo: Fossil fuels are a limited type of feedstock, increasingly expensive, and carrying strong polluting properties. The search for alternative sources which can replace fossil fuels without the severe disadvantages that its use conveys is therefore of paramount importance. Microalgae biomass represents an example of such non-food renewable biomass that can be regarded as a valid alternative to fossil fuels. As biomass, microalgae are highly desirable since they are photosynthetic organisms with a very fast growth rate in comparison to higher plants, and their production does not require arable land or potable water. Furthermore, some microalgae are able to store large amounts of oil or sugars, prime materials for the production of biofuels and bulk-chemicals [1]. Scenedesmus obliquus is a microalgae with the referred properties, easily produced at large scale and capable of storing a high amount of sugars under nitrogen shortage. The objective of the present work was to investigate the production of hydrogen and butyrate from S. obliquus hidrolysate by four hydrogen- and butyrate-producing bacterial strains previously isolated by us and identified as Clostridium tyrobutyricum 1T, 2T, 3T and 9P. S. obliquus biomass was produced locally in air-lifts. After harvest, all biomass was submitted to acid pre-treatment [2] resulting in a microalgae hydrolysate with a final concentration of 10.3 g/l of glucose, xylose, arabinose, mannose and galactose. The hydrolysate was used as carbon and energy source for hydrogen and butyrate production by the four C. tyrobutyricum isolates. Hydrogen yields ranged from 0.63, 1.29, 1.36 and 1.24 of mol H2/ mol sugars by strains 1T, 2T, 3T and 9P, respectively. Hydrogen production was accompanied by the production of carbon dioxide and organic acids, mainly butyrate. Butyrate yields were 0.29, 0.49 and 0.48 mol butyric acid/ mol sugars, respectively by C. tyrobutyricum strains 1T, 2T and 3T, and 9P. The best C. tyrobutyricum isolate for combined hydrogen and butyrate production from S. obliquus hydrolysate will be used in further studies of energetic valorisation of spent algal biomass available from both biodiesel and bioethanol processes.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1672
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