Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1984
Título: Synthesis and characterization of new benzimidazole phosphonates for hybrid materials for cell application
Autor: Teixeira, Fátima C.
Rangel, C. M.
Palavras-chave: PEMFC
Proton exchange membrane
Benzimidazole
Phosphonate
Spacer
Data: 2013
Citação: Teixeira, F.C.; Rangel, C.M. Synthesis and characterization of new benzimidazole phosphonates for hybrid materials for cell application. In: HYCELTEC'2013 - IV Iberian Symposium on Hydrogen, Fuel Cells and Advanced Batteries, Book of Abstracts, Estoril, 26-28 June, 2013, p. 42
Resumo: Fuel cells are electrochemical devices that convert the chemical energy stored in a fuel, directly and efficiently into electrical energy and are a promising and clean alternative to traditional energy fuels [1]. The roton-exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) are considered a promising type of electrochemical device for power generation. The proton exchange membrane (PEM) is a key part for the operation of PEMFC. Usually, the proton exchange membranes are made of organic polymers containing acidic functionalities (ex. Nafion®), but the proton transport properties of these membranes strongly depend on their water content and, consequently, limit their operation temperatures up to 90ºC. These limitations have fostered the interest in research and development of new alternative membranes [1]. Phosphonic acids are considered to be promising proton carriers due to their good proton donating and accepting properties, furthermore they present better thermal stabilities than sulfonic acids [2]. This work reports on the synthesis and characterization of a series of mono-, bis- and trisbenzimidazole phosphonates derivatives, prepared from the new diaminebenzene diphosphonate, by cyclization with diferents reagents. These benzimidazole phosphonates derivatives were prepared by a new strategy which involves nickel-catalyzed Arbuzov reaction of 4,7-dibromo-2,1,3-benzothiadiazole with triethyl phosphite, followed by reductive sulfur extrusion to afford the new diaminebenzene diphosphonate [3], followed by cyclization with different reagents, such as acyl chlorides or orthoformate derivatives. The synthesized compounds have different spacers with different lengths between benzimidazole rings (Fig. 1). All compounds have been fully characterized by 1H, 31P and 13C NMR, IR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (low and high resolution).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/1984
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