Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2014
Título: Nuclear microscopy as a tool in TiO2 nanoparticles bioaccumulation studies in aquatic species
Autor: Pinheiro, Teresa
Moita, Liliana
Silva, Luís Manuel
Mendonça, E.
Picado, Ana
Palavras-chave: Nanotoxicity
Titanium dioxide
Daphnia
Lemna
Nuclear microscopy
Data: 2013
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Pinheiro, T.; Moita, L.; Silva, L.; Mendonça, E.; Picado, A. Nuclear microscopy as a tool in TiO2 nanoparticles bioaccumulation studies in aquatic species. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 2013, Vol. 306, p. 117-120
Resumo: Engineered Titanium nanoparticles are used for a wide range of applications from coatings, sunscreen cosmetic additives to solar cells or water treatment agents. Inevitably environmental exposure can be expected and data on the ecotoxicological evaluation of nanoparticles are still scarce.The potential effects of nanoparticles of titanium dioxide (TiO2) on two model organisms, the water flea, Daphnia magna and the duckweed Lemna minor, were examined in semichronic toxicity tests. Daphnia and Lemna were exposed to TiO2 nanoparticles (average particle size value of 28 ± 11 nm (n = 42); concentration range, 1.4–25 mg/L) by dietary route and growth in medium containing the nanoparticles of TiO2, respectively. Both morphology and microdistribution of Ti in the individuals were examined by nuclear microscopy techniques. A significant amount of TiO2 was found accumulated in Daphnia exposed to nanoparticles. Nuclear microscopy imaging revealed that Ti was localized only in the digestive tract of the Daphnia, which displayed difficulty in eliminating the nanoparticles from their body. Daphnia showed higher mortality when exposed to higher concentrations of TiO2 (>10 mg/L). The exposure to TiO2 nanoparticles above 25 mg/L caused morphological alterations in Lemna. The roots became stiff and fronds colorless. The Ti mapping of cross-sections of roots and fronds showed that Ti was mainly deposited in the epidermis of the fronds and roots, with minor internalization. In summary, exposure of aquatic organisms to TiO2 nanoparticles may alter the physiology of these organisms at individual and population levels, posing risks to aquatic ecosystems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2014
ISSN: 0168-583X
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2012.12.049
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