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|Título:||Soda and aluminum recovery from spent etching baths by aqueous precipitation|
Nogueira, C. A.
|Editora:||Trans Tech Publications|
|Citação:||Berto, A.; Nogueira, C.A.; Margarido, F. Soda and aluminum recovery from spent etching baths by aqueous precipitation. In:Materials Science Forum, 2013, Vol. 730-732, p. 642-647|
|Resumo:||The aluminum anodising industry is an important industrial sector that produces great amounts of polluted effluents, which after treatment generate sludge. This fact brings environmental and economical concerns to the companies. Best way to deal with the problem, according to the “prevention strategy” set by the European Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control, is to implement preventive techniques and technologies to optimise the use of resources and minimise losses, and in turn waste. Among the operations of an anodising line, the etching/satinising stage is responsible for the production of a huge quantity of wastewater neutralisation sludge and for the wrong use of caustic soda. “Caustic etch recovery” technology is claimed to drastically reduce the generation of neutralisation sludge and the purchasing of fresh caustic soda by regenerating the exhausted etching/satinising solution, through an aqueous precipitation reaction. This paper presents the capability of the technology to effectively regenerate the exhausted caustic solution, and investigated the parameters with major effect on the process yield, in order to optimise it. It was demonstrated that the technology effectively recovers the solution, increases its soda content and diminishes the dissolved aluminum content by precipitation. Moreover the conditions that optimise the process are simple and inexpensive. After treatment the solution present the properties to be recycled in the etching/satinising operation.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.scientific.net/MSF.730-732.642|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UEE - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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