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|Título:||Valorisation of rice husk by chemical and thermal treatments|
Nogueira, C. A.
|Editora:||Trans Tech Publications|
|Citação:||Madrid, R.; Margarido, F.; Nogueira, C.A. Valorisation of rice husk by chemical and thermal treatments. In: Materials Science Forum, 2013, Vol. 730-732, p. 659-664|
|Resumo:||In the industrial production of rice, large quantities of rice husk are generated constituting a residue with costs for the companies, which must be appropriately managed. The high grade of silica in the rice husk opens a possibility for its valorisation, through the production of amorphous silica with high porosity and potential application as ligand in construction materials, as catalyst support, as metals adsorbent, among others. In this research work a process was developed for the production of silica with amorphous properties from rice husk waste, and the products formed were characterised. The process involved three main operations: water washing for removal of some impurities, acid leaching with HCl or H2SO4 solutions for dissolution of contaminating metals and incineration for organics decomposition. The washing operation let a partial purification of the husk, allowing removal of 46-60% of contaminating metals such as K, Fe Mn and Zn. The leaching with 0.4M HCl and 0.2M H2SO4 allowed obtaining high metals removal efficiency, namely >99% for potassium, 85-90% for iron, >96% for manganese and >80% for zinc. The final composition of the leached husk was 0.003-0.006% K, 0.016-0.025% Fe, <0.001% Mn and <0.0007% Zn. The incineration of the rice husk after previous purification was performed at 540ºC, by using samples obtained in the several chemical treatment conditions, and using different heating and cooling rates. As a result, a white colored final husk ash was produced, rich in quasi-amorphous silica (confirmed by X-ray diffraction). The analysis by scanning electron microscopy revealed that the organics removal allowed the formation of voids in the rice husk material, which became very porous and presented an alveolar morphology.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://www.scientific.net/MSF.730-732.659|
|Aparece nas colecções:||UEE - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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