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|Título:||Thermochronology of central Ribeira Fold Belt, SE Brazil : petrological and geochronological evidence for long-term high temperature maintenance during Western Gondwana amalgamation|
|Autor:||Bento dos Santos, Telmo|
Tassinari, Colombo C. G.
Fonseca, Paulo E.
Neto, Coriolano Dias
Faixa Ribeira (Brasil)
|Citação:||Santos, Telmo M. Bento dos... [et al.] - Thermochronology of central Ribeira Fold Belt, SE Brazil : petrological and geochronological evidence for long-term high temperature maintenance during Western Gondwana amalgamation. In: Precambrian Research, 180, (July 2010), p. 285-298|
|Resumo:||The studied sector of the central Ribeira Fold Belt (SE Brazil) comprises metatexites, diatexites, charnockites and blastomylonites. This study integrates petrological and thermochronological data in order to constrain the thermotectonic and geodynamic evolution of this Neoproterozoic–Ordovician mobile belt during Western Gondwana amalgamation. New data indicate that after an earlier collision stage at ~610 Ma (zircon, U–Pb age), peak metamorphism and lower crust partial melting, coeval with the main regional high grade D1 thrust deformation, occurred at 572–562 Ma (zircon, U–Pb ages). The overall average cooling rate was low (5 °C/Ma) from 750 to 250 °C (at ~455 Ma; biotite–WR Rb–Sr age), but disparate cooling paths indicate differential uplift between distinct lithotypes: (a) metatexites and blastomylonites show a overall stable 3–5 °C/Ma cooling rate; (b) charnockites and associated rocks remained at T 650 °C during sub-horizontal D2 shearing until ~510–470 Ma (garnet–WR Sm–Nd ages) (1–2 °C/Ma), being then rapidly exhumed/cooled (8–30 °C/Ma) during post-orogenic D3 deformation with late granite emplacement at ~490 Ma (zircon, U–Pb age). Cooling rates based on garnet–biotite Fe–Mg diffusion are broadly consistent with the geochronological cooling rates: (a) metatexites were cooled faster at high temperatures (6 °C/Ma) and slowly at low temperatures (0.1 °C/Ma), decreasing cooling rates with time; (b) charnockites show low cooling rates (2 °C/Ma) near metamorphic peak conditions and high cooling rates (120 °C/Ma) at lower temperatures, increasing cooling rates during retrogression. The charnockite thermal evolution and the extensive production of granitoid melts in the area imply that high geothermal gradients were sustained for a long period of time (50–90 Ma). This thermal anomaly most likely reflects upwelling of asthenospheric mantle and magma underplating coupled with long-term generation of high HPE (heat producing elements) granitoids. These factors must have sustained elevated crustal geotherms for ~100 Ma, promoting widespread charnockite generation at middle to lower crustal levels.|
|Aparece nas colecções:||GCG - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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