Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2443
Título: Numerical modeling of solar ponds
Autor: Giestas, Margarida Canedo
Milhazes, Jorge P.
Pina, H.L.
Palavras-chave: Solar ponds
Numerical modeling
Finite elements
Double diffusion
Data: 2014
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Giestas, M.C.; Milhazes, J.P.; Pina, H.L. Numerical modeling of solar ponds. In: Energy Procedia, 2014, Vol. 57, p. 2416-2425
Resumo: A SGSP is a basin of water where solar energy is trapped due to an artificially imposed salinity gradient. In a SGSP three zones can be identified: the surface and bottom zones that are both convective and an intermediate zone in between which is intended to be non-convective. This zone acts as a transparent insulation and allows the storage of solar energy at the bottom where it is available for use. A numerical model where the SGSP dynamics is described in terms of velocity, pressure, temperature and salt concentration is presented. It is based on the Navier-Stokes equations for an incompressible fluid coupled to one advection-diffusion equation for and one advection-diffusion equation for . The fluid density is taken to depend on and and the Boussinesq hypothesis is adopted: the fluid density appearing in the LHS of the Navier-Stokes equation is supposed constant and equal to some reference value whereas it is assumed to be variable in the RHS. The space discretization of the governing equations is based on the respective weak formulations and the discretization employs finite elements with a pressure correction method used to decouple velocity and pressure. Integration in time is accomplished by a BDF (Backward Differentiation Formula) method with the above PDEs treated sequentially within each time step. A computer code was developed employing the finite element class library deal.II. Comparisons with available experimental results are made to validate this numerical model.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2443
ISSN: 1876-6102
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.10.250
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