Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2477
Título: The solvent extraction performance of N,N’-dimethyl-N,N’-dibutylmalonamide towards platinum and palladium in chloride media
Autor: Paiva, A. P.
Carvalho, G. I.
Costa, M. Clara
Costa, Ana M. Rosa da
Nogueira, C. A.
Palavras-chave: Platinum
Palladium
Malonamide derivatives
Solvent extraction
Hydrochloric Acid
Data: 2014
Editora: Taylor & Francis
Citação: Paiva, A.P.; Carvalho, G.I.; Costa, M.C.; Costa, A.M.R. da; Nogueira, C.A. The solvent extraction performance of N,N’-dimethyl-N,N’-dibutylmalonamide towards platinum and palladium in chloride media. In: Separation Science and Technology, 2014, Vol. 49, p. 966-973
Resumo: The solvent extraction performance of N,N’-dimethyl-N,N’-dibutylmalonamide (DMDBMA) in 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) towards platinum(IV) and palladium(II) in hydrochloric acid media was systematically evaluated. Pt(IV) extraction (%E) increases with the HCl concentration in the aqueous phases, being always higher than 72%, whereas Pd(II) extraction decreases from 65% at 1 M HCl to 22% at 8 M HCl. Several stripping agents for the two metals were tested: Pt(IV) is successfully recovered by a 1 M sodium thiosulfate solution, whereas the best result for Pd(II) was achieved with 0.1Mthiourea in 1MHCl. The loading capacity of DMDBMA for Pt(IV) is high, and data obtained from successive extraction-stripping cycles suggest a good DMDBMA stability pattern. Attempts to replace 1,2-DCE by more environmentally-friendly diluents showed, in general, worse %E for Pt(IV). The dependence of Pt(IV) distribution coefficients on DMDBMA and chloride ion concentrations, as well as on acidity, are the basis of a proposal for the composition of Pt(IV) extracted species.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2477
ISSN: 0149-6395
Versão do Editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01496395.2013.878721
Aparece nas colecções:UEE - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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