Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2561
Título: Separation of non-ferrous frations of shredded end-of-life vehicles for valorising its alloys
Autor: Margarido, F.
Santos, R. Novais
Durão, F.
Guimarães, C.
Nogueira, C. A.
Oliveira, Paula C.
Pedrosa, Fátima
Gonçalves, Ana Maria
Palavras-chave: Recycling
End-of-life vehicles
Non-ferrous metals
Aluminium
Sorting technologies
Data: 2014
Citação: Margarido, F.; Santos, R.N.; Durão, F.; Guimarães, C.; Nogueira, C.A.; Oliveira, P.C.; Pedrosa, F.; Gonçalves, A.M. - Separation of non-ferrous frations of shredded end-of-life vehicles for valorising its alloys. In: MMME'14 - International Conference on Mining, Material and Metallurgical Engineering, Book of Proceedings, Prague, Czech Republic, 11-12 August, 2014, p. 77.1-77.4
Resumo: Worldwide the end-of-life vehicles (ELV) generate millions of tons of waste, requiring an adequate and efficient management. The non-ferrous fraction contains essentially aluminium, magnesium and copper alloys, being valorised by metallurgical processors to obtain new metals and alloys. However most of the recovered metals are downcycled, as is the case of aluminium where the recycled products are essentially used to produce less purity casting alloys. New or improved separation technologies are therefore necessary in order to allow an accurate separation of alloys or alloy groups, increasing the value of the non-ferrous streams. In this paper, the composition of the non-ferrous fractions of ELV shredders are assessed with particular relevance for the aluminium and magnesium alloys. Essentially, the main cast and wrought alloys are characterized and their markets and applications are discussed. Based on waste composition, several physical separation and sorting technologies can be applied to improve the products quality, which are here depicted and discussed. Physical processing includes operations such as eddy current and heavy media separations. For sorting alloys contained in the non-ferrous stream, other sensor-based technologies are being developed, such as electromagnetic sensing and novel laser induced breakdown spectroscopy systems, constituting an important contribution for boosting the non-ferrous metals recycling rates.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/2561
Aparece nas colecções:UEE - Comunicações em actas de encontros científicos internacionais

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