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|Título:||Assessment of dye distribution in sensitized solar cells by microprobe techniques|
|Autor:||Barreiros, Maria Alexandra|
Alves, L. C.
Guimarães, Fernanda M. G.
Brites, Maria João
|Citação:||Barreiros, M.A.; Corregidor, V.; Alves, L.; Guimarães, F.; Mascarenhas, J.; Torres, E.; Brites, M.J. - Assessment of dye distribution in sensitized solar cells by microprobe techniques. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, 2015, Vol. 348, p. 255-259|
|Resumo:||Dye sensitized solar cells (DSCs) have received considerable attention once this technology offers economic and environmental advantages over conventional photovoltaic (PV) devices. The PV performance of a DSC relies on the characteristics of its photoanode, which typically consists of a nanocrystalline porous TiO2 film, enabled with a large adsorptive surface area. Dye molecules that capture photons from light during device operation are attached to the film nanoparticles. The effective loading of the dye in the TiO2 electrode is of paramount relevance for controlling and optimizing solar cell parameters. Relatively few methods are known today for quantitative evaluation of the total dye adsorbed on the film. In this context, microprobe techniques come out as suitable tools to evaluate the dye surface distribution and depth profile in sensitized films. Electron Probe Microanalysis (EPMA) and Ion Beam Analytical (IBA) techniques using a micro-ion beam were used to quantify and to study the distribution of the Ru organometallic dye in TiO2 films, making use of the different penetration depth and beam sizes of each technique. Different 1D nanostructured TiO2 films were prepared, morphologically characterized by SEM, sensitized and analyzed by the referred techniques. Dye load evaluation in different TiO2 films by three different techniques (PIXE, RBS and EPMA/WDS) provided similar results of Ru/Ti mass fraction ratio. Moreover, it was possible to assess dye surface distribution and its depth profile, by means of Ru signal, and to visualize the dye distribution in sample cross-section through X-ray mapping by EPMA/EDS. PIXE maps of Ru and Ti indicated an homogeneous surface distribution. The assessment of Ru depth profile by RBS showed that some films have homogeneous Ru depth distribution while others present different Ru concentration in the top layer (2 lm thickness). These results are consistent with the EPMA/EDS maps obtained.|
|Versão do Editor:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2014.11.041|
|Aparece nas colecções:||ES - Artigos em revistas internacionais|
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