Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/3071
Título: N,N '-dimethyl-N,N '-dicyclohexylsuccinamide: a novel molecule for the separation and recovery of Pd(II) by liquid-liquid extraction
Autor: Costa, M. Clara
Assunção, Ana
Almeida, Ruben
Costa, Ana M. Rosa da
Nogueira, C. A.
Paiva, A. P.
Palavras-chave: Palladium
Liquid-liquid extraction 
Hydrochlric Acid
Solvent extraction
Platinum-group metals
Data: 2018
Editora: Elsevier
Citação: Costa, M. Clara; Assunção, Ana; Almeida, Ruben...[et.al.]. - N,N '-dimethyl-N,N '-dicyclohexylsuccinamide: a novel molecule for the separation and recovery of Pd(II) by liquid-liquid extraction. In: Separation and Purification Technology, 2018, Vol. 201, p. 96-105
Resumo: ABSTRACT: N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dicyclohexylsuccinamide (DMDCHSA) is investigated as a potential molecule for the liquid-liquid extraction of Pd(II) from chloride solutions for the first time. The effect of several parameters on Pd(II) extraction, such as the contact period between both phases, hydrochloric acid, extractant and hydrogen ion concentrations, is evaluated. Pd(II) extraction equilibrium is very fast (30 s) and the extraction percentage (%E) increases with the HCI concentration in the aqueous phases, being higher than 60% for [HCl] > 5 M. The loading capacity of DMDCHSA for Pd(II) is reasonable (molar ratio extractant/metal higher than 16). Several stripping agents (e.g. distilled water, 1 M HCl, seawater and 20 g/L chloride solution as NaCl) were successfully used to transfer Pd(II) to a new aqueous phase, and data obtained from five successive extraction-stripping cycles suggest a good DMDCHSA stability pattern. Attempts to replace 1,2-dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) by commercial and more environmentally friendly diluents showed much worse %E for Pd(II). Selectivity tests with binary, ternary and more complex metal ion solutions were carried out to evaluate the performance of DMDCHSA towards Pd(II) recovery from 6 M HCl, when in presence of Pt(IV), Fe(III), Zn(II), Al(III) and Ce(III), metal ions usually present in solutions that may result from the hydrometallurgical treatment of spent automobile catalytic converters. It was generally observed that the additional metal ions do not affect the recovery of Pd(II) by DMDCHSA, although Fe(III) and Pt(IV) were co-extracted in a great extent. A solvent extraction (SX) scheme is proposed, based on a previous separation of Fe(III) with tributylphosphate (TBP) and on the selective and sequential stripping of Pt(IV) and Pd(II) from the loaded DMDCHSA with 0.01 M thiourea in 0.5 M HCI and seawater, respectively. The dependence of the Pd(II) distribution ratios on DMDCHSA and acidity, complemented with UV-Visible spectroscopy data, points out to DMDCHSA:Pd(II) extracted species with a 2:1 molar ratio and suggests the occurrence of an outer-sphere ion pair reaction, in which both [PdCl4](2-) and HCI are extracted.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10400.9/3071
ISSN: 1383-5866
Versão do Editor: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2018.02.050
Aparece nas colecções:ME - Artigos em revistas internacionais

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